Dating old ink bottles
Chemical extraction revealed tartaric acid, and the organic acids malic, succinic and citric.The excavated sites contained the remains of two Neolithic villages at Gadachrili Gora and Shulaveris Gora.For the Neolithic Georgians, the drinking and offering of wine would have permeated nearly every aspect of life from medical practice to special celebrations.Pictured is a Neolithic jar from the site of Khramis Didi Gora'As a medicine, social lubricant, mind-altering substance, and highly-valued commodity, wine became the focus of religious cults, pharmacopoeias, cuisines, economics, and society throughout the ancient Near East,' said Dr Batiuk.'The infinite range of flavours and aromas of today's 8,000-10,000 grape varieties are the end result of the domesticated Eurasian grapevine being transplanted and crossed with wild grapevines elsewhere over and over again.'The Eurasian grapevine that now accounts for 99.9 per cent of wine made in the world today, has its roots in Caucasia.'When asked how much the jars would be worth, Dr Batiuk could not provide a figure, but mentioned that the one on display at the museum in Georgia is considered so valuable that when they had the Georgian exhibit in the Bordeaux wine museum this year, a copy was provided instead of the original.A Bit About Balsams: A Chapter in the History of 19th Century Medicine - by Betty Blasi.This is certainly one of the "good" bottle books in that even though it is somewhat narrow in focus (balsam medicines) it includes a lot of history about a lot of the bottles listed - which is in the hundreds.Previously the oldest known traces of wine dated to about 5,000 BC and were recovered from the Zagros mountains of Iran.Scroll down for video For the Neolithic Georgians, the drinking and offering of wine would have permeated nearly every aspect of life from medical practice to special celebrations, according to the researchers.
It has about 175 pages with numerous illustrations, bottle photos, advertisements along with great historical information and the things one wants to see in a "timeless" bottle book.The period is characterised by the start of farming and animal domestication, as well as crafts such as pottery and weaving, and the production of polished stone tools.'In essence, what we are examining is how the Neolithic package of agricultural activity, tool-making and crafts that developed further south in modern Iraq, Syria and Turkey adapted as it was introduced into different regions with different climate and plant life.'The horticultural potential of the south Caucasus was bound to lead to the domestication of many new and different species, and innovative 'secondary' products were bound to emerge.'For the Neolithic Georgians, the drinking and offering of wine would have permeated nearly every aspect of life from medical practice to special celebrations, Dr Batiuk added.